Shedding Light On Male Infertility

The last thing most men desire is to be forced to open up about their infertility. However, shedding light on male infertility provides some control of their situation. Men can discover exactly what steps they can take to treat the problem and have the family they have always wanted. Here are a number of issues that can negatively or positively affect male fertility.

Global Decline In Human Sperm Quality

According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH) there is evidence of a global decline in human sperm in recent decades. This is due to environmental, occupational and lifestyle factors that have contributed to the decline.

Up to 15% of couples in the US are infertile meaning they cannot conceive even though they have had unprotected sexual intercourse for at least a year or more.

Certain lifestyle choices can improve fertility, and men should evaluate if and where they can make changes.

Smoking And Addiction

Addictive substances that are inhaled have a negative effect on sperm. Nicotine causes an imbalance in the body called oxidative stress which negatively impacts sperm quality and fertilization. Cocaine distorts sperm mobility and development, but men who smoke and engage in drug use can reverse the damage quickly once they stop.


Having a BMI over 30 has an impact on sperm quality. Fat deposits overload the hormones needed for reproduction like testosterone. This can lead to significant alterations in sperm development and sperm DNA leading to male infertility.

Radiation Issues

Men with cancer who are about to undergo radiation and chemotherapy can have their sperm preserved and frozen, or stem cells can be frozen. Talk with Dr. Kapadia if you are about to begin cancer treatment.

Although it is not supported by clinical studies, it is still recommended that men not carry their cell phones near their scrotum or testicles.


Consume more antioxidant rich foods like cheese, oranges, sunflower seeds, broccoli, beans, artichokes, and fish to improve and preserve male fertility.

Higher Temps In the Testicular Area

If the temperature of your testicular area is increased even by a few degrees higher than body temps, sperm quality and function can be compromised. Avoid tight underwear or placing your laptop directly on your lap. Other risk factors include working in hot weather and sitting for too long a period which can all contribute to male infertility.


The truth is that after age 35 reproductive potential drops significantly. Children born to men age 50 or older are at a higher risk for developing Down Syndrome, Autism and the genetic disorder known as Neurofibromatosis.

Steroids And Supplements

Testosterone injections and steroids can harm the production of sperm. Consult with Dr. Kapadia  about the supplements you take and if they can affect male infertility.

Sexually Transmitted Infections

Have all infections treated immediately with antibiotics. Any sexually transmitted infection can directly cause male infertility.


Take special care to protect the testicular area playing sports, cycling, riding horses, and engaging in martial arts.

Using behavior modification and making better lifestyle choices can radically improve fertility.

Contact Dr. Kapadia at (770) 428-4475 or request an appointment online for an evaluation if you are having issues with male infertility.